Illiteracy and lack of educational facilities
It is estimated that about 33% of the children are out of school. Of those who are admitted 40% become dropouts within the first 12 months
Exposure to crime and sexual abuse
In Delhi every week 19 are abducted, 7 are raped, 2 are murdered for dowry. In 2008, according to the police records there were 366 rape cases, 487 molestations, 1158 harassment cases related to dowry and 113 dowry deaths. It is reported that 99% of children (inclusive of girl children) of the economically deprived households among whom the program Music Basti is being implemented, are sexually molested or abused.
Being runaway children
Being orphans and abandoned children
Being in detention homes
Being child labourers
Inability of parents in caring for their childrenGirls at Khushi Home, Okhla, Delhi. Photo by: Vidyun Sabhaney
Over and above the provision of housing, clothing and food, institutionalized development programmes for street children often do not have the capacity for recreational and cultural awareness in their educational programmes.
Many young children falling within this category, particularly under the age of 14 years, are being rehabilitated by various organizations and programmes across the city, in shelters, homes, day- care centers or orphanages. These institutionalized development programmes often do not have the capacity to involve sustained and progressive recreational or cultural awareness and educational programmes for children, in addition to providing housing, clothing, food and education to the children. Recreational and cultural awareness and educational programs are essential for children to develop their own self- identity, value orientation and attitudes in life to cope with issues in their personal lives and make impacting change in social structures they are immersed in.